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이 홈페이지는 운영이 중단되었습니다. 새 주소로 들어오시길 바랍니다. (글 읽기는 가능합니다.)http://www.crystalcats.net/tt

이곳의 글과 사진은 상업적으로 사용하지 않는 한 마음껏 퍼가셔도 됩니다. 다만, 퍼가시는 곳에 출처는 밝혀 주셨으면 합니다.
특히, 몰상식한 3류잡지 월간 petlove 접근 금지!!!


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   [vegan cats] 육식은 그만~[영문]
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http://www.vegansociety.com/html/animals/care/cats/


CARNIVORE NO MORE

DEBBIE HOLMAN ON HELPING CATS GO VEGAN

This page has been written by someone who has had many years experience in helping (or trying to help) cats and kittens go vegan. The one thing to cultivate is patience and a positive attitude. Cats are very sensitive creatures who pick up on negative moods and anger very quickly. There is no evidence that cats have any problems digesting plant proteins instead of animal ones if the transition is made slowly and backed up by good nutrition and a source of taurine (Vegecat/Vegekit).

Most of the cats I have helped go vegan were changed at a young age but don't despair if your cat is older - it may simply take a little more time. Even very fussy cats will adjust and I know of one cat who became vegan at seventeen. The health problems she had previously suffered from, namely arthritis from an all-meat "acidic" diet, virtually disappeared and at twenty she is still lithe and active!

The way to persuade the carnivore cat to adopt a vegan diet is partly by food and good nutrition but also by knowing the individual cat's likes and dislikes and the way a cat's mind works. Does your cat like sloppy food, swimming with gravy? If so do not expect him/her to adapt to TVP chunks or lumpy foods. In this case offer well-mashed foods e.g. mashed cooked chickpeas or partly liquidise foods.

For the sloppy food lover use Denes cat food as a transition food, preferably the salmon and tuna or the older cat one if the cat is over eight years of age. A vegan diet seems to diminish constipation, a common problem in older cats. Once the cat is accepting the Denes eagerly try making up some organic soya mince (use organic as cats do not like artificial flavourings or foods full of additives as their taste buds are not used to them and their sensitive noses pick up the smell of alien chemicals which puts them off!) Use a little of this in place of a little of the Denes and add some Vegecat/kit as appropriate. Add some seasoning if your cat is fussy or to give him/her a change of taste.

Cats like vegan gravy but try to use a low salt variety e.g. Applefords as cats are at risk of developing kidney problems if too much salt is used. Other suitable flavourings for meals are the vegan Swiss Vegetable Bouillon, tomato sauce (always use organic as cheap sauces though vegan are full of sugar and artificial additives), vegan parmesan, grated vegan cheese and anything you use to flavour your own food.

Some cats love herbs - others hate them - tune in to your own cat's taste buds. Carry on, very slowly, adding the soya mince to the food and bear in mind this could take up to three months before your cat is eating a dish of pure soya mince plus flavourings (the more organic and natural the flavouring the better!) For a change try cooking some Wicken Fen vegan sausages and cutting them up before mashing thoroughly and adding, little by little, to the Denes cat food. Many cays enjoy vegan mayo with this for a change of taste.

When your cat is eating the pure soya mince and Vegecat/kit try adding a few raw or cooked vegetables, preferably organic ones, Again add them very slowly and vary them. Popular ones are peas, broad beans, sweet corn (although not strictly a veg!) and carrots diced up. In fact some of my cats will drink organic carrot juice, especially the vegan ones. Carrots are popular because they are sweet and cats have a naturally sweet tooth. In fact this is why cats get addicted to most tinned cat food - it is full of sugar and caramel and the cats become sugar junkies! It is probably better not to give your cat any sugar until he/she is an established vegan as this is a direct link with tinned food. Even when veganism is established keep sugar to a minimum by keeping raisins, vegan custard and vegan ice cream (all loved by cats) as occasional treats. Baked beans (organic only as the others are full of sugar, saccharin and worse) and chickpeas are other favourite additions to meals and can be mashed if required. Feed the meal warm, at least to start with, as this encourages the natural aromas of the food to greet the cat.

Vegan sausages especially Wicken Fen tomato and herb are very popular even with non-vegan cats, as are homemade Sos-mix sausage rolls cut into chunks and smeared with vegan mayo or tomato sauce.

Don't forget to use the Vegecat/kit as directed in all meals as taurine deficiency can cause blindness and heart defects. Praise your cat when he/she has eaten a vegan meal and the cat will relish the attention.

If your cat relishes chewy lumps of meat try to use the Yarrah chicken chunks cat food which is chunks of organic meat, mostly chicken, in solid gravy as a transition food. Sprinkle with the Vegecat/kit to encourage the cat to get used to the taste. Then substitute a few organic soya chunks for the Yarrah cat food and mix well in with the Vegecat/kit. Again gradually increase the soya chunks letting your cat's reception of the food guide you. Once he/she is eating all soya chunks add vegetables as with the soya mince. Then start varying and introducing other vegan foods or recipes as listed on the Vegecat/kit recipe sheets. Again vegan sausages, cut into chunks dipped in vegan gravy, mayo or tomato sauce are popular. Mock duck, which comes in a tin, is another popular convenience food with cats. Maybe it is the association with tinned food that makes it so acceptable but it can help in establishing the cat as a vegan.

Don't be afraid to finger-feed your cat during the initial stages of veganism - cats love this, it makes them feel special. Sometimes I gently rub a lump of vegan sausage in gravy or tomato sauce round a cat's mouth. He/she might run off but the cat will lick his/her lips and very often come back for more. One cat, initially a reluctant vegan, became keen by being fed food from my plate; he saw me eating it and identified it as something good. Henceforth he demanded to be fed when I ate. Work in tune with your cat's personality and you cannot go wrong. I once tied pieces of vegan sausage to some string and converted four kittens to veganism by letting them chase the pieces, catch them and then eat them. You must be prepared to spend time with your cat and encourage him/her enthusiastically - the rewards are well worth it. Don't forget cats are allergic to all citrus fruits (in fact lemon juice can kill) and onion can give cats anaemia. Avoid all this.

Cat's teeth and gums need regular cleaning and if your cat will eat crunchy foods such as carrots, organic crackers and crispbread then so much the better. A few low salt crisps occasionally will also help but if all else fails follow the recipe for kibbled biscuit in the Vegecat/kit leaflet or clean the teeth and massage the gums yourself. Gum massagers can be bought from mail order companies but many cats are unhappy about such activities and need to get used to them very gradually.
A very useful book outlining the natural way to care for your cat is The Healthy Cat Book by Alexandra Bastedo and Jeannie Kemnitzer. Although this includes meat and fish recipes it includes information on vegan cats and has many homeopathic and herbal recipes. This book is available on animalsnaturally.com


The Failed Vegan Cat
If after everything you have tried and failed here are a few points to remember


Tinned food is a very unhealthy diet for cats. The only exceptions to this are the Yarrah or the Denes (previously mentioned). However if your cat will accept these consistencies and tastes you can usually help him/her turn vegan in time.
If you have been trying for many months to help your cat go vegan and wish to let her or him pursue another diet then an excellent website with healthy recipes for the non-vegan cat is www. animalsnaturally.com
A good quality cat biscuit for the non-vegan cat is Pascoe's Organic. Not only are all the ingredients organic but it only contains fish -not meat as well. The fewer animal ingredients in the product the better and this biscuit can be bought in boxes from supermarkets or in fifteen kilogram sacks from Pascoe's direct. This is a complete food for cats and many non-vegan cats will accept it thus reducing their consumption of animal products.
The above is meant as a guide only - adjust to your cat's individual requirements and remember the best nutrition for your cat is an organic vegan diet. Don't forget this is approved by vets so will give a cat 100% of the nutrition he or she needs.


Parasites
Cats fed on good quality organic ingredients tend not to get many parasites - good nutrition fights fleas and worms. Regular grooming is one of the best ways to keep fleas at bay and most cats enjoy the attention. If they will not accept a flea comb try a grooming mitt until they are used to it.

Essential oils can be helpful in keeping fleas under control. Fleas dislike eucalyptus and tea tree oils and a solution of these (a few drops of each in a spray bottle) can be made up with water and sprayed in the house. Pay special attention to the borders of the rooms and cracks and crevices where fleas migrate to and remove all animals from the room before spraying as the spray will sting the eyes.

Shut the room up for an hour or so and then air it before allowing animals back in. Repeat as necessary - say once a month at least. Salt sprinkled on the carpets and left for half an hour before vacuuming is also very effective. A few drops of tea tree oil can be mixed with some aloe vera gel and used as a grooming aid. Pay particular attention to the base of the tail and the back of the neck but do not let the cat lick the oil until it has dispersed into the coat. This can also be used for dogs and smaller animals.

Garlic in the diet is also a very successful way of helping eliminate parasites. Add one drop of garlic oil or a very small quantity of a chopped clove to your cat's food. Increase very gradually once your cat is used to the taste until you are giving about 3-4 drops a day or half a small clove of garlic. Do not overdose, as cats are very sensitive creatures. Most cats will accept at least one drop in each meal. Occasionally they may smell a bit but this is better than being riddled with parasites. Denes make a liquid garlic which can be diluted with water and combed through the coat to repel fleas. This is available from most pet stores and animalsnaturally.com


Grass
Most cats love grass, which they use as a medicine. Wheat grass, which can be grown in seed trays from organic soaked wheat, is very rich in minerals and vitamins and it is vital for indoor cats. I grow trays on my windowsills and the cats jump up and help themselves. Catmint, a real herbal favourite of cats, can be grown in pots for indoor cats to enjoy.

Lastly do not be down-hearted if your cat is not 100% vegan even after all your efforts. Every meatless meal he/she consumes is helping the animals and the environment - and of course the cat itself. Vegan cats are definitely on the increase. Before I moved I ran an animal rescue and boarded cats to raise funds. I did this for nine years and in the first year only boarded one vegan cat. However in the latter years I had over ten vegan cats regularly coming in. The day of the cat as a carnivore is definitely waning!




    Related Items    
   • VegeKit and Vegecat


Cat Food - Meat Suitable for Human Consumption?
By law all pet food should be made with raw materials from animals which are suitable for human consumption - though generally this will mean that the meat found in pet foods comes from the same animals, they are not the same parts. Many vitamins are lost during the preparation of cat food so some companies add more. They may also add artificial colourings, additives and sugar.

Meat suitable for human consumption may still be unfit to eat. Human beings are still contracting BSE and meat, dairy products and eggs are responsible for most incidents of food poisoning in humans harbouring salmonella, listeria and campylobacter.


Introduction to Vegecat & Vegekit
For those concerned about the health of their companion animal as well as the slaughter of millions of animals to supply the 'pet food' market, Vegecat and Vegekit is ideal.

Vegecat and Vegekit are veterinarian approved, animal-free supplements formulated to provide (along with suggested home-made recipes) all the required nutrients for a healthy balanced diet for cats. They are packed in sealed plastic tubs, together with full instructions and helpful hints. Just add the supplement to one of the easy recipes provided. A recent development is a 'Vege Kibble' recipe which provides a crispy biscuit. Kittens should be given Vegekit at about 3-4 weeks of age. They can be weaned from their mother at about 8-10 weeks. All cats over the age of 12 months should be fed Vegecat. These products have been in use since 1986 and have provided thousands of cats with all the nutrients they need for a healthy, balanced diet.


Nutrition
"As a veterinarian, I can vouch for the feeding principles Lynn describes . . . and the quality and adequacy of the diets. My judgement is soundly based on the most up-to-date scientific information regarding the known nutritional needs of . . . cats." David H. Jaggar MRCVS BVM&S; (Commenting on Dogs and Cats Go Vegetarian by Barbara Lynn Peden, co-developer of Vegecat)

When formulating Vegecat and Vegekit careful account was taken of calorific density and the nutritional needs of cats generally. Nutrients that could not be obtained easily in sufficient quantities from plant foods were incorporated into the supplements. For example, although cats manufacture vitamin C in their own bodies it is insufficient and so they require an external source. The supplements contain added vitamin C. Niacin is found in small quantities in plant foods but is found in abundance in nutritional yeast powder, and so is included in the recipes.

Unlike humans and dogs, cats cannot synthesize vitamin A from the carotene in plants. Deficiency affects hearing and vision. Cats need a preformed source of arachidonic acid which most mammals synthesize from linoleic acid found in most plants - especially seeds. Deficiency can result in reproductive failure. Cats need also a preformed source of taurine, an amino acid which they would usually obtain from flesh foods. Deficiency causes degenerative heart disease and degeneration of the retina (blindness). Vitamin A, taurine and arachidonic acid are all added to the Vegecat and Vegekit supplements. These nutrients are obtained from a non-animal source. For those of you who would say that it is more natural to obtain these nutrients in the form of meat (usually out of a tin) then please note that pet food manufacturers themselves often use a non-animal form of taurine to supplement their products because it is cheaper.

David Jaggar completed his training in veterinary medicine and surgery at the University of Edinburgh (England) in 1965. He worked in general practice in England and later for the US Dept of Agriculture, before taking a position on the faculty in the college of Medicine at the University of Cincinnati. His veterinary work brought him in contact with animals used in research, livestock, horses in various equestrian sports, and companion (pet) animals. The degree of animal suffering and exploitation appalled him.

While not rejecting the benefits of western medicine, especially in first aid and emergency care, he explored less generally accepted approaches to veterinary health care, including acupuncture, nutrition, herbal medicine, homeopathy, and chiropractic. He is a founding member and past president of the International Veterinary Acupuncture Society. In the Vegepet Gazette he wrote:

"... However, many holistic veterinarians remain sceptical about not providing flesh foods to meet the biologically evolved carnivorous behaviour of cats. One outspoken veterinarian even suggested it was a violation of cats' rights.

An enormous quantity of information is available regarding the nutritional needs of cats. I see no reason why it should violate their rights to satisfy these needs from non-animal sources. It is notoriously difficult to provide a firm philosophical foundation for assertions about animal rights, but making it possible for cats to be vegetarian is surely no greater violation of animal rights than:


domesticating cats and preventing them from hunting their own food
killing literally millions of chickens, cattle, sheep, horses, fish, etc. to feed domestic pets.
It is hard to see how cats have a right to eat the flesh of animals such as those listed above, when this flesh would never form a part of a feral or wild cat's diet.

People feeding cats a vegetarian diet are also open to the charge that they are 'playing god' to the extent that they are confronting the biological evolutionary path of cats to be carnivorous and to be meddling with 'nature' like those involved with the recent trends in genetic technology. However, there is nothing that is strictly natural in any sense that means it is independent from human behaviour and observation - which certainly have effects on everything living on this planet.

The need to reduce animal suffering is urgent. Killing several species of animals to feed cats [and dogs] can no longer be justified now that nutritious alternative diets are economically and conveniently available.

Many of us in the holistic veterinary medical field recognize the harmful effects of regular commercial cat foods.... Our emphasis is definitely on feeding freshly prepared meals to cats, both for the cats' health and to foster a more responsible attitude and an improved quality in the relationship between caretakers and their cats".

Michael W. Lemmon DVM from the Highland Veterinary Hospital also says on the subject: "The many successful and enthusiastic experiences of those changing their pet's diet from a commercial to a vegetarian fare should inspire many more to follow their lead. As a veterinarian being concerned with the animal's health, it is very encouraging to observe their health improving in many cases after being on the new regimen".


Making the Change
Cats accustomed to commercial pet foods may object to the new non-animal fare at first (it depends on the individual animal). Don't be put off by this, acceptance problems are to be expected when changing to any new diet.


Helpful Hints
For the soy (soya) in the recipes, try using plain TVP (textured vegetable protein) mince available in health/wholefood stores.
Serve the food slightly warm.
Add a little of their favourite food - the following have proved popular: spirulina (algae) powder, olive oil, avocado, tomato sauce, Tartex, yeast extract, vegetable paté or Sosmix (cooked form). Other foods which cats have a penchant for include melon, cucumber, cooked Brussels sprouts, broccoli and baked beans.
To begin with mix in very small amounts of the new food to the cat's regular fare. Gradually decrease the meat and increase the new food over a period of weeks or, if necessary, months.
Fast your animal for a day. This will not only stimulate its appetite but will help also to cleanse its body and decondition old taste habits. Some people find this suggestion rather worrying - but it won't take your animal to death's door! Always make sure you leave fresh water down during this period.
Feed your animal while you are around - e.g. when you are cooking your own meal - so you can make encouraging noises about the food. Your optimism and positive thoughts will be passed on. Many cats enjoy eating only when with people or other animals.
Try all the recipes to see which ones your cat likes best. The TVP/wholemeal bread recipe is an easy one - it can be made up in a large mixing bowl with a wooden spoon. As a treat most cats (even the very old and recently-acquired) love a tin of Granose Mock Duck or Tender Bits (wheat gluten in a sauce).
Feed a little and often to start with.
You will find it easier to mix all the ingredients and achieve an acceptable texture if you use a food processor if cooking pulses from their dried state. However, if using other recipes which includes say TVP or tofu, it is possible to mix everything together with a wooden spoon in a saucepan/large bowl.
Some cats like crispy biscuits or 'munchies' so use the Vege Kibble recipe. These biscuits or kibble can be stored in an airtight container for use later. They can be used as a snack or treat but they are a complete meal so can be used as such. If you can't find 'wheat gluten flour' anywhere then use a strong bread-making flour which has a very high gluten content.
Be patient; don't expect instant results. Those cats who are used to eating a variety of different foods usually readily take to the new meals.
See Debbie Holman's Carnivore No More for further help with vegan cats.
Nutritional Yeast Powder/Flakes
Brewers Yeast Powder (a by-product of the brewery trade) is similar nutritionally to Nutritional Yeast but has a slightly bitter taste. Nutritional Yeast, a primary product prepared from molasses, is produced specifically for the health food market. It has a sweeter more 'cheesy' taste than brewers yeast. Whenever possible the use of nutritional yeast is to be preferred. Engevita Nutritional Yeast Flakes from Marigold Health Foods is available in most wholefood shops. For details of suppliers in your area contact Marigold Health Foods on 020 7388 4515.


Technical Information
Technical queries should be addressed to the manufacturer of Vegecat: Harbingers of a New Age, 717 E Missoula Avenue, Troy, MT 59935 USA. Tel (406) 295-4944. Fax (406) 295 7603.





-CRYSTALCATS.net


    

 




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